Orthodontics is the first specialty of dentistry that is concerned with the study and treatment of malocclusions (improper bites), which may be a result of tooth irregularity, disproportionate jaw relationships, or both. Orthodontic treatment can focus on dental displacement only, or can deal with the control and modification of facial growth. wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthodontics
Malocclusion or Bad bite
Is a misalignment of teeth and incorrect relation between the teeth of the two dental arches.
2 Causes of Malocclusion
The size, shape and structure of our jaw bones and teeth are controlled from our genes. If a family has a history of large teeth, it is very likely that new members will have them also.
Father large jaw + Mother small teeth = child- Spacing
Father small jaw + mother large teeth = child – crowding
2) Tooth Loss
Tooth loss may cause drifting of bordering teeth into the empty space, creating a bad bite.
3 Common causes of tooth loss
2) Dental Diseases
3) Premature loss of primary teeth (baby / deciduous teeth)
Baby bottle tooth decay, a form of severe early childhood caries, that is common in kids who use to fall asleep with a bottle of sweetened liquid in the mouth, can cause the premature loss of several primary or even permanent teeth. If a primary tooth is lost too early, the permanent tooth loses its guide and can drift or erupt incorrectly.
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2 Oral habits that cause teeth malocclusions
1. Thumb sucking
Although thumb sucking is a normal habit for babies, it causes serious orthodontic problems if it continues long after the eruption of permanent teeth. Prolonged thumb sucking can create crowded, crooked teeth, or bite problems. The child may also develop speech problems or problems with swallowing properly. Protrusion and displacement of front teeth are usual results of thumb sucking.
2. Lip-biting / Fingernail biting
Both habits can shift the teeth out of alignment.
Tongue Thrusting – Some children thrust their tongue forward, pressing it against the lips with a force that can result in teeth malocclusions such as ‘open bite’ or teeth protrusion (over jet).
Thumb sucking may lead to flaring of anterior teeth
3 Classification of Malocclusion
LE Dental Clinic Cavite Accredited provides educational tools from brushing to flossing, to help maintain your gums and teeth healthy. We can also help you identify if what classification of malocclusion do you have and give you professional advice.
1. Class 1 relationship
Mesiobuccal cusp of first molar is occludes in the buccal groove of lower first molar. (normal occlusion)
2. Class 2 relationship
The lower first molar is posterior or more towards the back of the mouth than the upper first molar. In this abnormal biting relationship the upper front teeth of the jaw protrude further than the lower jaw.
3. Class 3 relationship
The lower first molar is anterior or more towards the front of the mouth than the upper first molar. In this abnormal relationship the lower teeth and jaw project further forward than the upper teeth and jaws.
Why do you need orthodontic treatment?
- To have a healthier mouth.
- A more pleasing appearance.
- More confident in speaking, smiling and dealing with others
- Years of enjoying good food.
- Crowded teeth are hard to brush and may lead to tooth decay
- To speak clearly and avid gum diseases.
It is not always easy to tell when your child is ready for an orthodontic exam as even straight looking teeth may be hiding problem bite! For this reason it is important to take your child for an Orthodontic evaluation at age 7.
Most orthodontic patients begin active treatment between the ages of 9-14. We can help you with your treatment, LE Dental Clinic Cavite Accredited is located in Cavite and also accessible to people in Bacoor and Dasmariñas.
6 Clues that may indicate the need for orthodontic attention
1) Early or late loss of baby teeth
2) Difficulty in chewing or biting
3) Mouth breathing majority of the time
4) Thumb/Finger sucking or other oral habits
5) Crowding, misplaced, or blocked-out teeth
6) Jaws that shift, make sounds, protrude or retrude
7) Speech difficulty
8) Teeth that meet in an abnormal way or don’t meet at all
Do you think you need to wear braces?
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Get your flyers on how to brush and floss properly, asks your dentist to teach you, we at
LE Dental Clinic Cavite Accredited are very glad to assist in your dental needs.